HHCA’s Lower School curriculum is designed to provide each student with a strong foundation for intellectual, social and spiritual growth. Each course is taught with special care to provide the appropriate developmental framework necessary to challenge each student to grow in a nurturing and supportive environment. Our faculty value the uniqueness of each student, and every teacher is equipped to differentiate instruction within the classroom in a way that allows her to reach each student according to his or her individual needs.

Students in the Lower School enjoy classes in reading, language arts, mathematics, Bible, science, social studies, computers, science, music, art and physical education. Just the right balance of structure and exploration is provided throughout the curriculum to reach each student’s maximum potential in all areas of development.

Lower School Curriculum

List of 6 items.

  • Kindergarten

    Bible
    • Old and New Testament Themes: God’s Creation; Jesus, Son of God
    • Weekly Scripture
    • Integration of Biblical Worldview in all subject areas
    Language Arts
    • Phonemic Awareness: Recognition of letter sounds; Rhyme; Word Families
    • Reading Fluency: 100 Sight Words; Decodable and At-Level Books
    • Reading Comprehension: Identification of Main Idea; Characters; Setting; Sequence; Prediction; Fiction/Nonfiction; Re-telling
    • Listening and Speaking: Following Directions
    • Writing: Formation of letters and numbers; Use of punctuation and capitalization.
    Math
    • Number Sense: Number sequence to 100; Place Value
    • Operations: Addition and Subtraction
    • Skip Counting: 2’s, 5’s and 10’s
    • Measurement: Time to hour and ½ hour; Money; Standard and Non-Standard units of measurement
    • Geometry: Plane and solid figures
    • Estimation and Probability
    • Algebraic Reasoning: Patterns
    • Problem Solving Strategies
    Science
    • Life Science: Living/Non-Living; Plants; Insects; Mammals; Reptiles; Birds; Health
    • Earth Science: Land, Water, Weather
    • Physical Science: Light; Matter; Movement
    Social Studies
    • Civics: Families; Community Helpers
    • Economics/Government: Community Services; Urban/Suburban/Rural; City/State
    • Geography: Maps; Globes; Continents/Countries
    • History: American Holidays
    Library
    • One class per week
    • Literature appreciation and story elements
    Technology
    • One class per week
    • Introduction to keyboard, computer graphics, and PowerPoint
    Physical Education
    • Two classes per week
    • Movement, fitness, group games
    Art
    • One class per week
    • Lines, angles, color, shapes, size,
    Music
    • One class per week
    • Vocal music, listening, rhythm and movement
  • First Grade

    Bible
    • Enjoying God’s Gifts
    • Weekly Scripture Memory
    • Theme: the many gifts of love provided for us by God
    • Integration of Biblical Worldview in all subjects
    Language
    • Phonemic Awareness identify and isolate initial, final, and medial sounds in words
    • Phonics: consonant blend and digraphs, short and long vowels, special vowel sounds, word families, diphthongs, contractions, compound words, suffixes and prefixes
    • Reading fluency including 150 sight words
    • Reading Comprehension identifying characters, setting, main idea, plot, theme, realism, fantasy, author’s purpose, cause and effect, sequence of events and draw conclusions.
    • Vocabulary: high frequency words, amazing words, compound words, contractions, synonyms, antonyms, homophones
    • Listen and Speaking: Participate in conversations about first grade topics.
    • Spelling: use conventional spelling for words with common spelling patterns and some irregular words
    • Writing and Grammar: write sentences, write opinion, informative, and narrative pieces, identify nouns, verbs, adjectives, proper nouns, pronouns, capitalize dates and names
    Math
    • Number and Operations in Base Ten: count, identify, numbers up to 120, place value, comparing numbers, addition and subtraction using multiples of 10, count, identify, and write numbers up to 120.
    • Operations and Algebraic Thinking: use addition and subtraction to find unknown, solve problems using three addends, subtract and add with fluency with in 20.
    • Measurement: compare and measure length using centimeters, time, and graphing and interpreting data.
    • Geometry: identify, build and compose two and three-dimensional shapes such as rectangles, cubes, cylinders, fractional parts – halves and fourths
    Social Studies
    • Communities and community workers
    • Laws and Leaders, Democracy
    Science
    • Life Science – animal characteristics and needs, insect characteristics, needs, and life cycle
    • Physical Science: movement of objects, simple machines
    • Life Science: dental,
    • Earth and Space Science: Plant, seasons, weather, and solar system
    Technology
    • One class per week
    • Introduction to keyboard, computer graphics, and PowerPoint
    Physical Education
    • Two classes per week
    • Movement, fitness, group games
    Art
    • One class per week
    • Elements of visual art, media techniques, critical response
    Music
    • One class per week
    • Vocal music, listening, rhythm and movement
  • Second Grade

    Bible
    • Weekly scripture memory
    • Integrating of Biblical world view in all subjects
    • Finding God’s Promise
    Language Arts
    • Vocabulary: homophones, synonyms, antonyms, new vocabulary in context
    • Reading fluency and comprehension in guided and silent reading, main idea, cause and effect, sequence, plot, theme, characterization, inference
    • Listening and speaking: Listen to a variety of genres, present information orally
    • Writing and grammar: Capitalization and punctuation, basic parts of speech, journals, poetry, letters, short narrative, expository writing. Introduction to cursive writing.
    Math
    • Numbers and operation including mastery of addition and subtraction facts to 20, regrouping, introduction to multiplication and division, fractions
    • Measurement: Time, money, customary management for length, temperature, capacity, weight
    • Graphs: Creation and interpretation of bar graphs, pictographs, circle graphs
    • Geometry: Plane and solid figures, congruence, symmetry, terms
    • Estimation of number, length, weight, rounding
    • Probability: Terms and outcomes, predictions, experiments
    • Algebraic reasoning: Creation and extension of patterns, concept of equality, commutative property of addition
    • Problem solving strategies
    Science
    • Earth science: weather and ocean study
    • Physical science: matter and magnets
    • Life science: plants, animals, and habitats
    Social Studies
    • Landforms
    • Local history & cultural contributions
    • Map skills: continents, compass rose, cardinal directions, oceans and states
    • Beginning Government
    Library
    • One class per week
    • Story elements and appreciation of literature
    • Locating and organizing information
    Technology
    • Microsoft Word and Excel basic functions
    • Microsoft PowerPoint
    • Introduction to computer programming
    Physical Education
    • Twice a week
    • Personal fitness, competitive games, weekly mile run, rules and techniques, sportsmanship
    Art
    • One class per week
    • Elements of visual art, media techniques and processes, art in relation to history and culture
    Music
    • Two classes per week
    • Exploration of rhythm, melody, harmony, music theory, music appreciation
  • Third Grade

    Bible
    • Old and New Testament themes: study of the lives of Abraham, Jacob, Joseph, and Daniel
    • Integration of Biblical worldview in all subjects.
    • Weekly Memory Verse
    Language Arts
    • Listening and speaking, including oral presentation
    • Phonics instruction and spelling of phonetic and non-phonetic words
    • Vocabulary, including Latin root words and derivatives
    • Reading fluency and comprehension of fiction and nonfiction selections
    • Literary elements, including story structure and figurative language
    • Writing: Paragraph development; forms including reflections, narratives, poems, letters, reports, essays, stories
    • Grammar, including sentence structure, parts of speech, and conventions
    • Reference skills: Location, selection, organization of information
    Math
    • Numbers and operations, including mastery of multiplication and division facts, regrouping
    • Fractions and decimals
    • Measurement: Time, money, length, weight, temperature, capacity, area, perimeter, metrics
    • Graphs and data interpretation
    • Geometry: Plane and solid figures, angles, congruence, symmetry
    • Estimation: Rounding, estimation of products, quotients, sums, differences
    • Probability: Terms, outcomes, prediction, experiments
    • Algebraic reasoning: Analysis and extension of patterns; equality; unknowns; commutative property of addition and multiplication
    • Problem solving strategies
    Science
    • Life science: Life processes, plant functions, structure and function of organs, body systems, the study of ecosystems and the results of changing conditions within the environment.
    • Earth science: Rocks and minerals, renewable resources, understanding the Earth’s composition and the changes that occur to the features of Earth’s surface.
    • Physical science: Motion and sound, physical and chemical change, heat and changes in matter
    Social Studies
    • Civics: Federal, state, and local government
    • Economics: Goods, property, pricing, ownership
    • Government: local. state, and national
    • Communities: change in communities over time, diversity in a community
    • South Carolina History: historical events, landforms, famous people, traditions
    Library
    • One class per week
    • Story elements and appreciation of literature
    Art
    • One time per week
    • Elements of visual arts, principles of design, media techniques and processes, recognizing art in historical and cultural context
    Music
    • Twice per week
    • Exploration of rhythm, melody, harmony, pitch, music theory, music appreciation
    • Instrumental instruction on the recorder; individual and ensemble recorder performance
    Technology
    • One class per week
    • Intermediate functions of Word, Excel, and PowerPoint, computer programming
    • Research: Location, selection, and evaluation of information
    Physical Education
    • Three classes per week
    • Personal fitness, team games, positions, rules, weekly mile run, sportsmanship
  • Fourth Grade

    Bible
    • The Life and Impact of Jesus Christ
    • Weekly Scripture Memory
    • Integration of biblical worldview in all subjects
    Language Arts
    • Listening and speaking: Recall, summarize, inform, persuade, entertain, question
    • Spelling and vocabulary: Phonetic strategies, syllabication, Latin root words and prefixes
    • Reading fluency and comprehension strategies in guided and silent reading
    • Literature appreciation: literary devices including story structure and figurative language
    • Writing: multi-paragraph selections including reflections, narratives, poems, letters, essays, expository writing, imaginative stories; focus on organization and style
    • Grammar, including sentence structure, parts of speech, conventions
    • Reference skills including introduction to the research process
    Math
    • Numbers and operations including mastery of addition, subtraction, multiplication, division facts, long division, operations with whole and decimal numbers
    • Fractions and decimal numbers, including addition and subtraction
    • Measurement: Time, money, schedules, customary and metric measurement of length, weight, temperature, capacity, volume, area, and perimeter
    • Geometry: Properties of plane and solid figures, congruence, symmetry, lines, points, rays, measurement of circles, terminology for angles
    • Graphs and statistics: Construction and interpretation of charts, tables, graphs; use of ordered pairs on a first quadrant graph, mean, median, mode, and range
    • Probability: Terms and outcomes, experimentation, prediction
    • Ratio, proportion, percent
    • Estimation: Estimation of products, quotients, sums, differences by rounding
    • Algebraic reasoning: commutative, associative, distributive, property identification, concept of equality, unknowns, order of operations
    • Problem solving: Multi-step problems, strategies
    Science
    • Lab classes twice per week
    • Life science: Characteristics of organisms, ecosystems, photosynthesis, respiration, pollination, fertilization, life cycles, structure and function of organs, dissection lab
    • Earth science: Structure of the earth, rocks, sources and uses of fresh water, climate zones, weather maps and charts, seasons related to position of earth, moon phases, scientific study of space
    • Physical science: Metric measurement - length, area, volume, mass, weight, density; light and sound, including spectrum, movement, reflection and refraction, light technology, sound waves, pitch, volume, intensity, amplification, transmission, static electricity - sources, transmission, magnetism, safety
    Social Studies
    • Economics: Supply and demand, resources
    • Geography: States and capitals, map skills
    • American history: Exploration, colonization, major US historical events up to civil war; introduction to WW I to WW II
    Library
    • One class per week
    • Story elements and appreciation of literature
    Art
    • Once per week
    • Elements of visual arts, principles of design, media techniques and processes, recognizing art in historical and cultural context
    Music
    • Twice per week
    • Exploration of rhythm, melody, harmony, pitch, music theory, music appreciation
    Band
    • Once per week
    • Students will learn the basics of instrumentation and musical scales. They will have the opportunity to play as an ensemble in the Christmas and spring concerts.
    Technology
    • One class per week
    • Advanced functions of Word, Excel, PowerPoint
    • Research: Location, selection, evaluation of information
    Physical Education
    • Two times per week
    • Personal fitness
    • Competitive and non-competitive team games
    • Positions and rules of sports
    • Weekly mile run, technique and form for track and field events
    • Sportsmanship
  • Fifth Grade

    Bible
    • Old Testament stories beginning in Genesis
    • Weekly Scripture memory
    • Service Projects with Deep Well and Bluffton Self-Help
    • G.U.Y.S (Godly unique Young Sons) and G.A.L.S. (Godly and Loving Sisters in Christ)- weekly discipleship groups
    • Integration of Biblical worldview in all subjects
    Language Arts
    • Spelling and vocabulary: phonetic strategies, syllabication, Greek and Latin roots and prefixes, inferring word meaning through root definitions and context clues
    • Reading: fluency and comprehension strategies via guided and independent reading, with analysis using textual evidence and shared discussion
    • Literature appreciation: read across genres and study literary devices, including plot structure, story elements and figurative language analysis
    • Writing: development of three to five paragraph selections, including imaginative stories, narratives, poems, letters, essays, reflections, expository and persuasive pieces, and research reports; focus on writing process, organization and style
    • Grammar: structured sentence classification process to teach and reinforce parts of speech, sentence structure, conventions, and precise language usage
    • Reference skills, including the research process
    • Listening and speaking: recall, summarize, inform, persuade, entertain, question, and deliver prepared reports, recitations and presentations
    Math
    • Numbers and operations: Operations with whole and decimal numbers, mastery of all math facts, long division, multiples, factors, fractions and decimals in all operations
    • Measurement: Time, money, schedules, customary and metric measurement of length, weight, temperature, capacity, volume, area, perimeter, metric conversion, formulas
    • Geometry: Area, perimeter/circumference of plane figures; lines and angles; geometric terms
    • Graphs and statistics: Read, interpret, and create graphs, charts and schedules; mean, median, mode, range
    • Probability: Terms and outcomes, experimentation and prediction
    • Ratio, proportion, and percent: Ration and equivalent ratios; ratio as percent and decimal; use of percent in problem solving
    • Estimation: Estimation of products, quotients, sums, differences by rounding
    • Algebraic reasoning: commutative, associative, distributive, identity, multiplicative properties, concept of equality, unknowns, order of operations, formulas with variables, negative integers
    • Problem solving: Multi-step problems, strategies, use of calculators
    Science
    • Life science: Biotic and a-biotic systems, populations and survival, life cycles, classification and life processes of plants, identification of vertebrates and invertebrates, animal kingdoms, adaptations, hybridization, cross breeding, ocean ecosystems, health, respiratory and circulatory systems, dissection
    • Earth science: oceanography, sources of energy, atmosphere and weather, meteorology, measurement and data
    • Physical science: Energy, motion, gravity, matter, acids and bases, physical measurement, physical and chemical change
    Social Studies
    • Use project-based and problem-based learning for students to understand and appreciate the foundations of America, including the documents, people, and events that have made the United States what it is today.
    • Civics: Branches of federal government, powers of the citizens
    • Economics: Free enterprise system, economic interdependence (production, consumption, exchange, investment, specialization)
    • Geography: Geography of the western hemisphere, US regions, map skills
    • American History: From European exploration to the present
    Library
    • One class per week
    • Story elements and appreciation of literature
    Art
    • One class per week
    • Elements of visual arts
    • Principles of design
    • Media techniques and processes
    • Identifying art in historical and cultural context
    • Recognizing the impact of visual arts on culture and environment
    Music
    • Twice per week
    • Exploration of rhythm, melody, harmony, pitch, music theory, music appreciation.
    Band
    • Once per week
    • Students in the fifth grade ensemble will continue to learn the fundamentals of playing an instrument through scale work, etudes, and soloist methods. The ensemble will perform in school concerts.
    Technology
    • One class per week
    • Advanced functions of Word, Excel, and PowerPoint, creation of basic video games
    • Research: location, selection, and evaluation of information
    Physical Education
    • Three classes per week
    • Personal fitness
    • Competitive and non-competitive team games
    • Positions, rules, skill development
    • Weekly mile run
    • Technique and form for track and field events
    • Sportsmanship

Lower School Standardized Testing

  • Measures of Academic Progress (MAP): K-5 
  • Iowa Test of Basic Skills (ITBS): K-5 
  • Cognitive Abilities Test™ (CogAT): 3rd & 5th

Hilton Head Christian Academy

Hilton Head Christian Academy is a Christ-centered College Preparatory School serving grades Kindergarten through 12th.